Mercier and Camier Summary

  • Last updated on July 15, 2023
Title: Mercier and Camier

Author: Samuel Beckett

Publication Date: 1946

Genre: Absurdist Fiction

Page Length: Approximately 128 pages


Mercier and Camier, published in 1946, is an absurdist novel written by Samuel Beckett. Set in an undisclosed city, the narrative follows the journey of two friends, Mercier and Camier, as they roam through a bewildering and incomprehensible world. Through their encounters with a diverse array of individuals and situations, Beckett explores themes of identity, purpose, and the absurdity of human existence.

The novel is divided into six chapters, each presenting distinct events and experiences that Mercier and Camier encounter along their aimless odyssey.

Chapter 1:
The novel begins with Mercier and Camier leaving their respective homes. They meet in a street, sharing their decision to go on a journey together. They leave the city on foot, carrying their peculiar suitcase, and embark on a series of misadventures. As the friends wander through a park, they are confronted by a soldier who insists they have been summoned for an important mission. However, after waiting for hours, they are released without any explanation.

Chapter 2:
After their release, Mercier and Camier continue their wanderings. They encounter various eccentric characters, including a man who balances furniture on his bicycle and a woman gripped by an overwhelming fear of sinking. They also cross paths with a dog who has been trained to move in a series of complex geometric patterns. All these encounters seem to emphasize the absurdity and irrationality of life, as the friends struggle to make sense of their surroundings.

Chapter 3:
In this chapter, Mercier and Camier encounter a townsman, who invites them to his home. They partake in a bizarre dinner with the man and his dog before leaving to spend the night at a stark boarding house. There, they meet Madame Brombee, a harsh and unrelenting landlady who adheres to strict rules. The friends reconcile with their separation, realizing their interdependence, and Mercier decides to leave the city without Camier, only to return moments later, realizing that they cannot be apart.

Chapter 4:
After their reunion, Mercier and Camier continue their journey together. They face multiple obstacles, including the constant diversion of their chosen route by various individuals, including a policeman and an outspoken cart driver. Throughout their wanderings, they engage in philosophical discussions, contemplating the nature of their existence and the reasons behind their aimless journey.

Chapter 5:
Mercier and Camier find themselves at a harbor, where they encounter a sailor named Arthur, who invites them to a tavern. The three engage in conversations and share stories, pondering the complexities of desire, love, and loss. However, their solace is short-lived, as they are suddenly arrested and taken to a courthouse.

Chapter 6:
In the final chapter, Mercier and Camier find themselves in a bizarre courtroom, accused of an offense that they are unaware of. The court proceedings are filled with nonsensical dialogue, highlighting the absurdity and meaninglessness of the legal system. After their acquittal, the friends are released and decide to part ways, each continuing their journey independently.

Mercier and Camier addresses several existentialist themes, reflecting the disillusionment and confusion that marked the post-World War II era. The novel explores the futility in seeking meaning and purpose in an absurd world, as the characters' journeys lack any discernible destination. Beckett's work also touches on the complexities of human relationships and the perpetual search for identity and connection.


Mercier and Camier exemplifies Samuel Beckett's mastery of the absurd, utilizing illogical situations and enigmatic characters to challenge conventional literary norms. The novel's exploration of existential themes and its experimental narrative style introduced a fresh perspective to postwar literature. Beckett's ability to depict the human condition through the lens of absurdity continues to captivate readers, inviting contemplation on the fundamental questions of existence itself.

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