Procedure initially used to raise revenue. Payment of such taxes eventually took the place of property ownership as a stipulation for voting, frequently keeping the poor, both white and black, from voting.
To get around the Fifteenth Amendment
During a parade for victory in World War II, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People displayed a monkey in a cage to protest poll taxes.
In 1964 the Twenty-fourth Amendment
Breedlove v. Suttles
Civil Rights movement
Equal protection clause
Harper v. Virginia State Board of Elections
Vote, right to
Williams v. Mississippi