Prayers and Bible readings sanctioned by school officials were efforts to promote religious beliefs and values in students in public educational institutions.
In 1962 the Supreme Court issued one of its most controversial decisions in Engel v. Vitale
After the Supreme Court banned school prayer, teachers found other ways to start the school day.
In its decision in Lemon v. Kurtzman
In its efforts to define and apply the establishment clause, the Court developed several perspectives on how best to ensure that government refrain from endorsing a particular faith while at the same time protecting the religious freedom of liberty and conscience. The result often was a confusing line of precedents that offered no distinct or enduring first principles that work in all situations. Despite continuing and heavy criticism levied against the Court, however, its separationist stance on government-supported religion in public schools has remained firm.
Abington School District v. Schempp
Americans United for Separation of Church and State
Engel v. Vitale
Lee v. Weisman
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Religion, establishment of
Wallace v. Jaffree