Ending a long legal struggle, California’s highest court struck down the state’s Alien Land Law as a violation of the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. While the direct beneficiaries of the ruling were Japanese immigrants, it had the long-term impact of promoting the Civil Rights movement.
When World War II ended in 1945, the state of California continued to have its infamous Alien Land Law, which prohibited land ownership by aliens ineligible for citizenship. By that time, the law applied almost exclusively to immigrants from Japan. In the case of
By a 4-3 vote, the California Supreme Court ruled in Fujii’s favor. Although the majority opinion rejected the relevance of the United Nations Charter, it determined that the law violated the equal protection and
Bosniak, Linda. The Citizen and the Alien: Dilemmas of Contemporary Membership. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2008. Hyung-chan, Kim, ed. Asian Americans and the Supreme Court: A Documentary History. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1992.
Alien land laws
History of immigration after 1891
Oyama v. California
Supreme Court, U.S.