Known for his sound sense and legal knowledge, Trimble wrote sixteen majority opinions in only two years on the Supreme Court. His most important opinion upheld the right of states to make their own bankruptcy laws.
What formal education Trimble obtained was from Bourbon Academy and Kentucky Academy, and he began practicing law in Paris, Kentucky, about 1800, specializing in land litigation. He was not admitted to the bar until 1803. The governor of Kentucky appointed him a justice on the state court of appeals in 1807, but Trimble returned to his more profitable law practice in 1809. In 1817 President James Madison appointed Trimble as a justice of the federal district court.
In 1826 President John Quincy Adams nominated Trimble as an associate justice of the Supreme Court, and he was easily confirmed. In his first opinion, Montgomery v. Hernandez
Adams, John Quincy
Ogden v. Saunders