The Supreme Court unanimously held that de jure segregation by the federal government violated the due process clause of the Fifth Amendment.
The Bolling v. Sharpe decision dealt with school segregation in Washington, D.C., and was announced the same day as Brown v. Board of Education (1954). The equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment did not apply to acts of Congress, so the two cases had to be considered separately. Speaking for the Supreme Court, Chief Justice Earl Warren
In his Bolling opinion, Chief Justice Earl Warren used an implicit substantive due process interpretation of the Fifth Amendment.
Brown v. Board of Education
Due process, substantive
Hirabayashi v. United States
Race and discrimination