In striking down the Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993, the Supreme Court declared that congressional enforcement powers in the Fourteenth Amendment may not be used to override the Court’s interpretations of the Constitution.
In Sherbert v. Verner (1963),
By a 6-3 vote, the Court ruled that the 1993 act was unconstitutional. Justice Anthony M. Kennedy’s
Employment Division, Department of Human Resources v. Smith
Religion, freedom of
Reversals of Court decisions by Congress
Separation of powers
Sherbert v. Verner