The Supreme Court held that patronage dismissals of nonpolicy-making employees infringed on First Amendment rights to political beliefs and association.
In Cook County, Illinois, an elected Democratic sheriff attempted to remove several noncivil service employees who had been appointed by the previous sheriff, a Republican. By a 5-3 vote, the Court upheld a court of appeals judgment for injunction relief. Speaking for a plurality, Justice William J. Brennan, Jr.,
Assembly and association, freedom of
Robel, United States v.
Rutan v. Republican Party of Illinois