Creation of the Asiatic Barred Zone by the U.S. government highlighted the country’s negative attitude toward Asian immigrants during the early twentieth century.
The California gold rush during the mid-nineteenth century attracted an influx of Asian immigrants to the Far West. The arrival of the gold began to run out. After, Asians were forcibly removed from mining areas and blamed for the dry-up in profits from gold mining. This led to Congress passing the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, the first piece of legislation that restricted who could immigrate into the United States. Among other restrictions, the act denied Chinese immigrants entry into the United States, unless they obtained certification from the Chinese government.
American fear of Asian immigration continued into the twentieth century with the passage of the
Lee, Erika. At America’s Gates: Chinese Immigration During the Exclusion Era, 1882-1943. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007. Tichenor, Daniel. Dividing Lines: The Politics of Immigration Control in America. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2002.
Asiatic Exclusion League
California gold rush
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952