Bibliography Summary

  • Last updated on November 10, 2022

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Benedict, Michael Less. “Preserving the Constitution: The Conservative Basis of Radical Reconstruction.” Journal of American History 61.1 (1974): 6590. Print.

Bergesen, Albert, “Nation-Building and Constitutional Amendments: The Role of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments in the Legal Reconstitution of the American Polity Following the Civil War.” Pacific Sociological Review 24.1 (1981): 315. Print.

Bernstein, Iver. The New York City Draft Riots: Their Significance for American Society and Politics in the Age of the Civil War. New York: Oxford UP, 1990. Print.

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“The Blockade of Confederate Ports, 1861–1865.” Office of the Historian. US Department of State, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.

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Bosco, David. “Moral Principle vs. Military Necessity.” American Scholar. Phi Beta Kappa, 2008. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.

Bradford, Adam. “Recollecting Soldiers: Walt Whitman and the Appreciation of Human Value.” Walt Whitman Quarterly Review 27.3 (2010): 127–52. Print.

Bradley, Mark L. Bluecoats and Tar Heels: Soldiers and Civilians in Reconstruction North Carolina. Lexington: UP of Kentucky, 2009. Print.

“British-American Diplomacy: Treaty between United States and Great Britain for the Suppression of the Slave Trade; April 7, 1862.” Avalon Project. Lillian Goldman Law Lib., 2008. Web. 18 Apr. 2013.

Brown, Alexis Giradin. “The Women Left Behind: Transformation of the Southern Belle, 1840–1880.” Historian 6.4 (2000): 759–77. Print.

Brown, George W. “Trends toward the Formation of a Southern Confederacy.” The Journal of Negro History 18.3 (1933): 256–81. Print.

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Burden, Jeffrey C. “Battle of Vicksburg.” HistoryNet. Weider History Group, n.d. Web. 8 Apr. 2013.

Burt, Richard W. “Captain Richard W. Burt: Civil War Letters from the 76th Ohio Volunteer Infantry.” Ed. Larry Stevens. Larry Stevens’ Web Site. Larry Stevens, n.d. Web. 8 Apr. 2013.

Burton, Harold H. “Two Significant Decisions.” American Bar Association Journal (1955): 121–25. Print.

Burton, Vernon. “Lincoln’s Last Speech.” College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Illinois. University of Illinois Board of Trustees, May 2009. Web. 20 Feb. 2013.

Campbell, Jaqueline Glass. When Sherman Marched North From the Sea: Resistance on the Confederate Home Front. Greensboro: U of North Carolina P, 2003. Print.

Carwardine, Richard. Lincoln: A Life of Purpose and Power. New York: Vintage, 2006. Print.

Caudill, Edward, and Paul Ashdown. Sherman’s March in Myth and Memory. Lanham: Rowman, 2009. Print.

“The Civil War’s Black Soldiers.” National Park Service. US Department of the Interior, 2013. Web. 25 Apr. 2013.

Click, Patricia C. Time Full of Trial: The Roanoke Island Freedmen’s Colony, 1862–1867. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 2001. Print.

Costa, Dora L., and Matthew E. Kahn. “Cowards and Heroes: Group Loyalty in the American Civil War.” Quarterly Journal of Economic History 118.2 (2003): 519–48. Print.

Coulter, E. Merton. William G. Brownlow: Fighting Parson of the Southern Highlands. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1937. Print.

Cross, Jerry L. “Zebulon Baird Vance.” NCPedia. State Lib. of North Carolina, 2007. Web. 11 Apr. 2013.

Currie, David P. “The Reconstruction Congress.” University of Chicago Law Review 75.1 (2008): 383495. Print.

David, Shannon Clark. “Confronting the Reality of Changed Lives: Love and Loss for Women in Civil War America.” Voces Novae: Chapman University Historical Review 1.2 (2010): 3–10. Web. 8 Apr. 2013.

“December 26, 1861: Possible War between US and Britain Is Averted.” This Day in History: Civil War, December 26. History.com. A&E Television Networks, LLC, n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2012.

Doyle, Charles. Federal Habeas Corpus. New York: Nova, 2007. Print.

Dueholm, James A. “Lincoln’s Suspension of the Writ of Habeas Corpus: An Historical and Constitutional Analysis.” Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 29.2 (2008): 47–66. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.

Duker, William F. A Constitutional History of Habeas Corpus. Westport: Greenwood, 1980. Print.

Durrill, Wayne K. “Ritual, Community, and War: Local Flag Presentation Ceremonies and Disunity in the Early Confederacy.” Journal of Social History 39.4 (2006): 1105–22. Print.

Edwards, Owen. “Gettysburg Address Displayed at Smithsonian.” Smithsonian. Smithsonian, Dec. 2008. Web. 18 Feb. 2013.

Ekelund, Robert B., Jr., and Mark Thornton. “The Union Blockade and Demoralization of the South: Relative Prices in the Confederacy.” Social Science Quarterly 73.4 (1992): 890–902. Print.

Elder, Robert. “A Twice Sacred Circle: Women, Evangelicalism, and Honor in the Deep South, 1784–1860.” Journal of Southern History 78.3 (2012): 579–614. Print.

Elliott, Mark. Color-Blind Justice: Albion Tourgée and the Quest for Racial Equality: From the Civil War to Plessy v. Ferguson. New York: Oxford UP, 2006. Print.

Epps, Garrett. Democracy Reborn: The Fourteenth Amendment and the Fight for Equal Rights in Post–Civil War America. New York: Holt, 2006. Print.

Faulkner, Ronnie W. “Secession.” North Carolina History Project. John Locke Foundation, 2013. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.

Faust, Drew Gilpin. “Altars of Sacrifice: Confederate Women and the Narratives of War.” Journal of American History 76.4 (1990): 1200–1228. Print.

Fellman, Michael. Citizen Sherman: A Life of William Tecumseh Sherman. New York: Random, 1995. Print.

Ferris, Norman B. The Trent Affair: A Diplomatic Crisis. Knoxville: U of Tennessee P, 1977. Print.

“The Fight for Equal Rights: Black Soldiers in the Civil War.”National Archives. US National Archives and Records Administration, n.d. Web. 25 Apr 2013.

Flynn, Kevin Haddick. “‘Where the Murderin’ Cannons Roar…’: The American Civil War.” History of Ireland 20.5 (2012): 28–32. Print.

Folsom, Ed, and Kenneth M. Price. “Walt Whitman.” Walt Whitman Archive. Ctr. for Digital Research in the Humanities at the U of Nebraska-Lincoln, n.d. Web. 5 Apr. 2013.

Foner, Eric. Forever Free: The Story of Emancipation and Reconstruction. New York: Knopf, 2005. Print.

---. A Short History of Reconstruction, 1863–1877. New York: Harper, 1990. Print.

---. “The Strange Career of the Reconstruction Amendments.” Yale Law Journal 108.8 Symposium: Moments of Change: Transformation in American Constitutionalism (1999): 20039. Print.

“Fort Sumter.” Civil War Trust. Civil War Trust, 2013. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.

“Francis Lieber: A Biography That Is a Thesis upon His Work and Influence.” New York Times. New York Times, 27 Jan. 1900. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.

Franklin, John Hope. The Emancipation Proclamation. New York: Doubleday, 1963. Print.

“Gettysburg.” Civil War Trust. Civil War Trust, 2013. Web. 15 Feb. 2013.

“The Gettysburg Address Text.” Visit-Gettysburg.com. 2013. Web. 15 Feb. 2013.

Goldstone, Lawrence. Inherently Unequal: The Betrayal of Equal Rights by the Supreme Court, 1865–1903. New York: Walker, 2011. Print.

Goodwin, Doris Kearns. Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln. New York: Simon, 2005. Print.

Gross, Jennifer Lynn. “‘Good Angels’: Confederate Widowhood in Virginia.” Southern Families at War: Loyalty and Conflict in the Civil War South. Ed. Catherine Clinton. Cary: Oxford UP, 2000. 133–54. Print.

Gross, Theodore L. Albion W. Tourgée. New York: Twayne, 1963. Print.

Guelzo, Allen C. Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America. New York: Simon, 2004. Print.

---. Abraham Lincoln as a Man of Ideas. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 2009. Print.

---. Abraham Lincoln: Redeemer President. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1999. Print.

Gwin, Minrose. Introduction. A Woman’s Civil War: Reminiscences of the War, from March 1862. By Cornelia Peake McDonald. Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1992. 3–18. Print.

Hamilton, Daniel. The Limits of Sovereignty: Property Confiscation in the Union and the Confederacy during the Civil War. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2007. Print.

Hargrove, Hondon B. Black Union Soldiers in the Civil War. Jefferson: McFarland, 1988. Print.

Harper, Douglas. “Habeas Corpus in the Civil War.” Etymonline. Harper, n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2013.

Harris, Leslie M. In the Shadow of Slavery: African Americans in New York City, 1626–1863. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2003. 279–88. Print.

Hay, John. “The Mormon Prophet’s Tragedy.” Atlantic Monthly Dec. 1869: 669–78. Utah Lighthouse Ministry. Jerald and Sandra Tanner, n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.

Heidler, David S., and Jeanne T. Heidler, eds. Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History. 5 vols. New York: Norton, 2000. Print.

Heiny, Louisa M. A. “Radical Abolitionist Influence on Federalism and the Fourteenth Amendment.” American Journal of Legal History 49.2 (2007): 18096. Print.

“History of the Federal Judiciary: Ex parte Merryman and Debates on Civil Liberties during the Civil War.” Federal Judicial Center. Federal Judicial Center, n.d. Web. 2 May 2013.

Holder, Harold, Edna Greene Medford, and Frank J. Williams. The Emancipation Proclamation: Three Views. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 2006. Print.

Holzer, Harold. Lincoln at Cooper Union: The Speech That Made Abraham Lincoln President. New York: Simon, 2004. Print.

Horwitz, Tony. Confederates in the Attic: Dispatches from the Unfinished Civil War. New York: Vintage, 1998. Print.

Hsu, David. “Walt Whitman: An American Civil War Nurse Who Witnessed the Advent of Modern American Medicine.” Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health 65.4 (2010): 238–39. Print.

Jaffa, Harry, and Robert Johannsen, eds. In the Name of the People: Speeches and Writings of Lincoln and Douglas in the Ohio Campaign of 1859. Columbus: Ohio State UP, 1959. Print.

Jenkins, Brian. “The ‘Wise Macaw’ and the Lion: William Seward and Britain, 1861–1863.” University of Rochester Library Bulletin 31.1 (1978): n. pag. River Campus Libraries: University of Rochester. Web. 18 Apr. 2013.

“John Milton Hay.” The World of 1898: The Spanish-American War. Library of Congress, 22 June 2011. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.

Johnson, William H. Autobiography of Dr. William Henry Johnson, Respectfully Dedicated to His Adopted Home, the Capital City of the Empire State. Albany: Argus, 1900. Print.

Juncker, Clara. “Women at War: The Civil War Diaries of Floride Clemson and Cornelia Peake McDonald.” Southern Quarterly 42.4 (2004): 90–106. Print.

Katz, William L. The Invisible Empire: The Ku Klux Klan Impact on History. Washington: Open Hand, 1986. Print.

Keith, LeeAnna. The Colfax Massacre: The Untold Story of Black Power, White Terror, and the Death of Reconstruction. New York: Oxford UP, 2008. Print.

Kerber, Linda K. “Separate Spheres, Female Worlds, Woman’s Place: The Rhetoric of Women’s History.” Journal of American History 75.1 (1988): 9–39. Print.

Kobre, Sidney. Development of American Journalism. Dubuque: Brown, 1972. Print.

Lane, Charles. The Day Freedom Died: The Colfax Massacre, the Supreme Court, and the Betrayal of Reconstruction. New York: Holt, 2008. Print.

Lankford, Nelson D. “Virginia Convention of 1861.” Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 5 Apr. 2011. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.

Latimer, Christopher P. Civilian Liberties and the State: A Documentary and Reference Guide. Santa Barbara: Greenwood, 2011. Print.

“Lesson 3: The Gettysburg Address (1863)–Defining the American Union.” National Endowment for the Humanities. National Endowment for the Humanities, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013.

Lewin, Tamar. “Calls for Slavery Restitution Getting Louder.” New York Times. New York Times, 4 June 2001. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.

Lincoln, Abraham. “Abraham Lincoln’s War Address.” Furman U, n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.

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Livingston, Rebecca. “Civil War Cat-and-Mouse Game: Researching Blockade-Runners at the National Archives.” Prologue Magazine 31.3 (1999): n. pag. Web. 3 Mar. 2013.

“Louisiana and Black Suffrage.” Mr. Lincoln and Freedom. Lincoln Institute, 2002–13. Web. 20 Feb. 2013.

Marszalek, John F. “William Tecumseh Sherman.” American National Biography Online. Oxford UP, n.d. Web. 2 May 2013.

Masur, Louis P. Lincoln’s Hundred Days: The Emancipation Proclamation and the War for the Union. Cambridge: Belknap P of Harvard UP, 2012. Print.

Mathews, John M. Legislative and Judicial History of the Fifteenth Amendment. New York: Da Capo, 1971. Print.

McDonald, Cornelia Peake. A Woman’s Civil War: Reminiscences of the War, from March 1862. Ed. Minrose C. Gwin. Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1992. Print.

McDonald, William N. A History of the Laurel Brigade. Ed. Bushrod C. Washington. Baltimore: Sun Job, 1907. Print.

McGuire, Judith White Brockenbrough. Diary of a Southern Refugee, during the War. 3rd ed. Richmond: Randolph, Print. 1889.

McIver, Stuart. “The Murder of a Scalawag.” American History Illustrated 8 (1973): 12–18. Print.

McPherson, James M. “The Ballot and Land for the Freedmen, 1861–1865.” Reconstruction: An Anthology of Revisionist Writings. Ed. Kenneth M. Stampp and Leon F. Litwick. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1969. Print.

---. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York: Oxford UP, 1988. Print.

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---. The Negro’s Civil War: How American Black Felt and Acted during the War for the Union. New York: Vintage, 2003. Print.

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McPherson, James M., Henry Davis, and Patricia R. McPherson, eds. Lamson of the Gettysburg: The Civil War Letters of Lieutenant Roswell H. Lamson, US Navy. New York: Oxford UP, 1997. Print.

Metcalfe, N. H. “Military Influence upon the Development of Anaesthesia from the American Civil War (1861–1865) to the Outbreak of the First World War.” Anaesthesia 60.12 (2005): 1213–17. Print.

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Miller, Charles Dana. The Struggle for the Life of the Republic: A Civil War Narrative. Ed. Stewart Bennett and Barbara Tillery. Kent: Kent State UP, 2004. Print.

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