Body of law, also known as federal Indian law, that deals with the U.S. government’s interpretations of the Constitution, executive orders, statutory law, and treaties as they affect Native Americans and their rights.
The Marshall Court took a leading role in defining the fundamental principles of federal Indian law through its decisions in Johnson and Graham’s Lessee v. McIntosh
Subsequent case law reasserted and clarified the key principles set forth by the Marshall Trilogy. Congressional authority over tribal affairs was expanded through two liquor cases, United States v. Holliday
Although the Court created a basic doctrine to define the interests of American Indians in the U.S. political system, there are many areas within Native American Indian law that are still unresolved. In White Mountain Apache v. Bracker
Clinton, Robert, et al. American Indian Law. 3d ed. Charlottesville, Va.: Michie, 1981. Deloria, Vine, Jr., and Clifford M. Lytle. American Indians, American Justice. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1983. Strickland, Rennard, et al. Felix S. Cohen’s Handbook of Federal Indian Law. Charlottesville, Va.: Michie, 1982. Wilkinson, Charles F. American Indians, Time, and the Law: Native Societies in a Modern Constitutional Democracy. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1987.
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
Indian Bill of Rights
Johnson and Graham’s Lessee v. McIntosh
Native American sovereignty
Native American treaties
Santa Clara Pueblo v. Martinez
Worcester v. Georgia